MySQL-ERROR-Table-mysql-user-doesn-t-exist

1、现象描述
[root@centos65 scripts]# service mysqld start
Starting MySQL..The server quit without updating PID file (/var/lib/mysql/HKBO.pid).[FAILED]
查看错误日志

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
[root@centos65 scripts]# tail /var/log/mysqld.log
InnoDB: Apply batch completed
2014-12-08 11:01:37 15721 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2014-12-08 11:01:37 15721 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2014-12-08 11:01:37 15721 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.12 started; log sequence number 1600607
2014-12-08 11:01:37 15721 [Note] Server hostname (bind-address): '*'; port: 3306
2014-12-08 11:01:37 15721 [Note] IPv6 is available.
2014-12-08 11:01:37 15721 [Note] - '::' resolves to '::';
2014-12-08 11:01:37 15721 [Note] Server socket created on IP: '::'.
2014-12-08 11:01:37 15721 [ERROR] Fatal error: Can't open and lock privilege tables: Table 'mysql.user' doesn't exist
141208 11:01:37 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /var/lib/mysql/HKBO.pid ended

2、解决办法

查看当前的my.cnf配置文件

1
more /etc/my.cnf |grep -v ^#

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
[mysqld]
datadir=/var/lib/mysql
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
user=mysql
old_passwords=1
[mysqld_safe]
log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log
pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid

由于编译安装时指定的路径为/opt/data以及mysql_install_db时指定的datadir也为/opt/data,而my.cnf为缺省的路径
因此修改datadir至正确路径后,问题解决

1
2
3
4
5
vi /etc/my.cnf
more /etc/my.cnf |grep datadir
datadir=/opt/data
service mysqld start
Starting MySQL.[ OK ]